Kasuwancin Ouzhan (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Maganin farfaji

Da farko dai, ya kamata mu san dalilin da yasa samfurin yake buƙatar maganin ƙasa, menene aiki, da wace matsala yake magance shi.

Da farko dai, hanyar yin magani ta fuskar kirkirar wani Layer a saman kayan abu wanda yasha bamban da kayan inji, na zahiri da na sinadarai na kayan. Dalilin jiyya na sama shine haduwa da lalatawar samfurin, sanya juriya, ado ko wasu bukatun aiki na musamman.

Abokan ciniki da yawa zasu tambaye mu dalilin da yasa muke buƙatar maganin ƙasa, menene aiki, kuma menene dalilin ƙara wannan aikin?

Ouzhan ma'aikatan fasaha:Maganin farfajiyar shine cire duk wani nau'in baƙon abu (kamar mai, tsatsa, ƙura, tsohon fim mai launi, da sauransu) wanda aka haɗe da farfajiyar abun, kuma ya samar da kyakkyawan matattara mai dacewa da buƙatun sutura don tabbatar da cewa fim ɗin ɗaukar hoto yana da kariya mai kyau. Ayyukan lalata, aikin kwalliya da wasu ayyuka na musamman, dole ne a sanya farfajiyar abu kafin zane. Ayyukan da aka yi ta irin wannan magani ana kiran su gabaɗaya azaman fentin (farfajiya) magani ko (farfajiyar farfajiya).

Jiyya a saman yana haɓaka karko da ƙarancin abrasion na samfurin. A asalin asali, yana haɓaka lokacin amfani kuma yana adana lokaci mai yawa, tsada da kuɗi.

Hanyar lantarki

Wannan hanyar tana amfani da amsar lantarki don samarda abin rufa akan farfajiyar wuyan aikin. Babban hanyoyin sune:

(1) Yin amfani da lantarki

A cikin maganin wutan lantarki, kayan aikin shine cathode. Hanyar samar da abin rufi akan farfajiya a ƙarƙashin aikin wani yanayi na yanzu ana kiranta electroplating. Launin shimfidawa na iya zama ƙarfe, gami, semiconductor ko ya ƙunshi abubuwa masu ƙarfi iri-iri, kamar su jan ƙarfe da kuma rubutun nickel.

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(2) Oxidation

A cikin maganin wutan lantarki, abin aiki shine anode. Hanyar samar da fim na oxide a farfajiya ƙarƙashin aikin yanzu na waje ana kiranta anodization, kamar su anodization na aluminum alloy.
Za a iya yin maganin hadawan abu da karfe ta hanyar sinadarai ko hanyoyin wutan lantarki. Hanyar sunadarai ita ce sanya kayan aiki a cikin wani maganin kara kuzari, da kuma dogaro da aikin sinadarai don samar da fim na oxide a saman farfajiyar, kamar shuɗin ƙarfe.

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KYAUTA CHEMISTRY

Wannan hanyar ba ta da wani aiki a yanzu, kuma tana amfani da hulɗar da abubuwa masu sinadarai don samar da abin ruɓi a saman aikin. Babban hanyoyin sune:

(1) Maganin juyawa membrane magani

A cikin maganin wutan lantarki, kayan aikin karfe ba su da wani aiki na yanzu, kuma sinadarin da ke cikin maganin yana mu'amala da abin aiki don samar da abin rufa a samansa, wanda ake kira da maganin canza sinadarai. Kamar su bluing, phosphating, passivation, da maganin gishiri na chromium na saman karfe.

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(2) Wutar lantarki

A cikin maganin wutan lantarki, ana aiki da saman abin aiki ba tare da tasirin yanayin waje ba. A cikin maganin, saboda ragin sinadarai, tsarin sanya wasu abubuwa akan farfajiyar kayan aikin don samar da abin rudi ana kiransa plating mara lantarki, kamar su nickel mara waya, plating copper, da dai sauransu.

GYARA KAYAN DADI

Wannan hanyar ita ce ta narkewa ko kuma watsa kayan cikin yanayin zafi a yanayi mai tsananin zafin jiki don samar da abin rufa akan farfajiyar kayan aikin. Babban hanyoyin sune:

(1) Hot tsoma plating

Hanyar sanya kayan karafa a cikin narkakken karfe don samar da abin rufa a samansa ana kiransa zafin dumi-dumi, kamar su zafin-zafin galvanizing da zafi-tsoma aluminum.

(2) Yin feshin zafi
Tsarin zubda narkakken karfe da kuma fesa shi a saman kayan aikin don samar da abin kira shi ake kira spraying thermal, kamar su zafin feshin zafin da zafin ruwan aluminiya.

(3) Hatimi mai zafi
Hanyar dumamawa da latsa karfen ƙarfe don rufe farfajiyar kayan aikin don samar da murfin mai rufi ana kiransa zafin zafi, kamar su zafin zafin zafin ƙarfen aluminum.

(4) Maganin zafin sinadarai
Hanyar da abin aiki yake cikin hulɗa da abubuwa masu sinadarai kuma mai ɗumi, kuma wani ɓangaren ya shiga saman aikin a zazzabi mai ƙarfi ana kiransa maganin zafin jiki na sinadarai, kamar su nitriding da carburizing.

(5) Surfing
Ta walda, aikin adana karfe da aka ajiye akan farfajiyar kayan aikin don samarda layin waldi ana kiran sa da suna, kamar su walda daddare tare da gami da jure kayan aiki.

HANYAR FADA

Wannan hanyar tsari tsari ne wanda ake yin kumburi ko sanya shi a ciki kuma a ajiye shi a saman farfajiyar kayan kwalliya a karkashin babban iska don samar da abin rufa. Babban hanya ita ce.

(1) Bayyanar tururin jiki (PVD)

A karkashin yanayi mara kyau, aiwatar da tururin karfe zuwa cikin atam ko kwayoyin, ko kuma sanya su cikin ion, ana ajiye su kai tsaye a saman farfajiyar wurin don samar da abin rufa, wanda ake kira sanyawar tururin jiki. Gwargwadon ƙwayoyin da aka ajiye sun fito ne daga abubuwan da ba na sinadarai ba, kamar ƙarancin ruwa Sputtering plating, ion plating, da dai sauransu.

(2) dasa Ion

Tsarin dasa ions daban-daban a cikin farfajiyar kayan kwalliya a karkashin babban ƙarfin lantarki don gyara yanayin ana kiran shi ion dasawa, kamar allurar boron.

(3) Chemicalididdigar Chemicalarƙashin Chemicalasa (CVD)

Arƙashin ƙananan matsa lamba (wani lokacin matsin lamba na al'ada), tsarin da abubuwa masu iska ke samar da ɗakunan ajiya mai ƙarfi a saman farfajiyar aikin saboda halayen sinadarai ana kiran shi ajiyar tururin sinadarai, kamar su ajiyar tururin silinon oxide da silicon nitride.

SAURAN HANYOYIN NADAWA

Mafi mahimmanci na inji, sunadarai, lantarki, da hanyoyin jiki. Babban hanyoyin sune:

Zanen

Hanyar fesawa ko gogewa hanya ita ce aiwatar da fenti (kwayoyin ko inorganic) a saman kayan aikin don samar da abin ruɗi, wanda ake kira zane, kamar zane, zane, da sauransu.

Tasirin shafi

Tsarin samar da abin rufi a saman farfajiyar aikin tare da tasirin inji ana kiran sa tasirin tasiri, kamar tasirin tasirin tasirinsa.

Laser surface jiyya

Hanyar saka hasken fuskar aikin tare da laser don canza tsarinta ana kiranta maganin farfajiyar laser, kamar su quenching laser da reelting laser.

Superdural fasaha

Fasahar shirya finafinai masu matukar wahala ta fuskar jiki ko hanyoyin sunadarai ana kiranta fasahar finafinai masu matukar wahala. Kamar fim ɗin lu'u-lu'u, fim mai suna cubic boron nitride da sauransu.

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GASAR KASHE-KASHE DA WUTAR WUTAR LITTAFIN

1. Wutar lantarki

A matsayin lantarki, ana sanya aikin a cikin ruwan mai narkewa ko fentin ruwa, kuma yana yin da'ira da dayan wutan a cikin fenti. A karkashin aikin filin wutan lantarki, an rarraba maganin abin rufewa a cikin ion resin mai caji, cations din suna motsawa zuwa cathode, kuma anions suna motsawa zuwa anode. Wadannan ions resin din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din din ne, kuma an sanya su cikin sinadarin launuka masu launuka daban-daban. Wannan tsari ana kiransa electrophoresis.

2. Fesa wutar lantarki

Arkashin aikin filin wutar lantarki mai ƙarfin lantarki mai ƙarfin lantarki, ana tura ƙwayoyin fentin da ba su da kyau don su tashi sama kan abin da aka ɗora wa nauyi don samun fim ɗin fenti, wanda ake kira feshin tsaye.